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English Proficiency Test - Level Two

1.  Modal Auxiliaries: Can and Can’t

The modal auxiliaries  can and can’t are special verb forms in English. They don’t change forms;

they don’t add –s or –ed. They change meaning. They have different meanings.

 

Examples:  Make sentences with can or can’t.

 

  • I can’t run a mile but I can run 100 meters.
  • You can play soccer very well.
  • He can’t do aerobics.
  • They can swim but they can’t skate.
  • We can play tennis and volleyball.
  • It can walk but it can’t crawl.

·    María and Pedro can climb a tree and hike in the mountains.

2. Adverbs of Frequency with the Verb “Be”

Examples:  Write about your friend, husband, wife or parents. Use an adverb of frequency in each sentence.

1.

My husband is always late.

2. My friend is usually happy.

3.

My wife is often busy.

4. My parent is never lonely.

5.

My classmate is hardly ever nervous.

6. My uncle is rarely thirsty.

3. Information Questions with How often

 

 

Examples: Make questions and answers with How often.

A:        How often does she study?                B:         She studies every night.

 

 

1.   A: How often does he sweep the floor?                   B:  He sweeps the floor every day.

 

2.   A.  How often does she play with her toys?              B:  She plays with her toys once a day.

 

3.   A: How often does he cook the lunch?                    B:  He cooks the lunch twice a week.

 

4.   A: How often does she wash the dishes?                 B:  She washes the dishes on weekend.

 

5.   A: How often does she water the plants?                B:  She waters the plants once a day.

 

6.   A: How often does he go to work?                           B:  He goes to work every day.

4.     EXPRESSIONS OF TIME

Past

Present

Future

yesterday

today

tomorrow

last week

this week

next week

an hour ago

now

in an hour

recently

as we speak

soon

a little while ago

at this moment

in the near future

a long time ago

these days

way off in the future

in the past

nowadays

eventually

this morning

at this time

later this evening

 

Time expressions usually go at the end or at the beginning of a sentence:

Yesterday I went to school.

I went to school yesterday.

This week I'm going to New York.

I'm going to New York this week.

 

Other popular time expressions:

 

Using time expressions with the correct verb tense will improve your English:

- Last week I went to the movies. (past tense. )

- This week I'm working early in the morning. (present continuous tense to describe the entire week)

- Next week I'm going to take a trip to California. (the "going to" future)

 

5.     THERE IS / THERE ARE

Affirmative Statements

There +  be (is-are) + subject

 

Long Form

Contractions

With a singular noun

There is a museum downtown

There’s a museum downtown.

With plural nouns

There are some banks in the downtown

There’re many banks downtown.

Negative Statements

There +  be + not (isn’t-aren’t) + subject

 

Long Form

Contractions

With a singular noun

There is not a hotel in this town.

There isn’t a hotel in this town.

With plural nouns

There are not any stores downtown.

There aren’t any stores in the downtown.

Questions and Short Answers

Be (Is-Are) +  there + subject

Questions

Possible Answers

 

Affirmative                  Negative

Singular

Is there  a big park in this city?

Yes, there is            No, there isn’t

Plural

Are there any any restaurants near?

Yes, there are         No, there aren’t

 

 Examples:  Look at the picture and review the sentences.

1.   There  are  some  teenagers  girls  listening  to music.

2.   There is a young man.

3.   There are two women talking.

4.   There is a woman sitting on the bench.

5.   There  is  an  old  man,  who  is  reading  the newspaper.

6.   There are two little boys playing.

7.   There is a big tree.

8.   There aren’t any houses around this mall.

9.   There aren’t any police officers in the mall.

10. There isn’t a store in the mall.

6.     PRESENT CONTINUOUS

The present continuous (sometimes called the present progressive) tense in English is really easy to make and is the same for all verbs. We make it using the:

PRESENT SIMPLE OF 'BE' + VERB-ING:

Afirmativa

Sujeto

+ to be

+ raíz + ing

She

is

talking.

Negativa

Sujeto

+ to be + not

+ raíz + ing

She

is not (isn't)

talking

Interrogativa

to be

+ sujeto

+ raíz + ing

Is

she

talking?

Positive

Positive Short Form

I am sleeping

I'm sleeping

you are sleeping

you're sleeping

he is sleeping

he's sleeping

she is sleeping

she's sleeping

it is sleeping

it's sleeping

we are sleeping

we're sleeping

they are sleeping

they're sleeping

We can make the negative by adding 'not':

Negative

Negative Short Form

I am not sleeping

I'm not sleeping

you are not playing

you aren't playing

he is not reading

he isn't reading

she is not working

she isn't working

it is not raining

it isn't raining

we are not cooking

we aren't cooking

they are not listening

they aren't listening

Practise making the positive and the negative forms (exercise 1)
Practise making the positive and the negative forms (exercise 2)

Questions are also really, really easy. Just like we made the question with 'be' in the present simple, here we also put 'am', 'is', or 'are' before the subject to make a 'yes / no' question:

Yes / No Questions

am I eating chocolate ?

are you studying now ?

is he working ?

is she doing her homework ?

is it raining ?

are we meeting at six ?

are they coming ?

7. THE PAST TENSE OF TO BE: WAS and WERE

To Be - Affirmative

Subject

To Be

Examples

I

 was

I was tired this morning.

You

were

You were very good.

He

was

He was the best in his class.

She

was

She was late for work.

It

was

It was a sunny day.

We

were

We were at home.

You

were

You were on holiday.

They

were

They were happy with their test results.

 

To Be - Negative Sentences

The negative of To Be can be made by adding not after the verb (was or were).

Subject

To Be

Examples

I

was not

          I was not tired this morning.

You

were not

         You were not crazy.

He

was not

          He was not married.

She

was not

         She was not famous.

It

was not

         It was not hot yesterday.

We

were not

         We were not invited.

You

were not

        You were not at the party.

They

were not

        They were not friends.

 

To Be - Negative Contractions

The can make negative contractions of the verb To Be in the Past tense by joining the verb (was or were) and n't (e.g. were not = weren't). We don't make a contraction of the subject and the verb (e.g. I was).

I was not tired this morning.

OR

    I wasn't tired this morning.

You were not crazy.

OR

    You weren't crazy.

He was not married.

OR

    He wasn't married.

She was not famous.

OR

    She wasn't famous.

It was not hot yesterday.

OR

    It wasn't hot yesterday.

We were not invited.

OR

   We weren't invited.

You were not at the party.

OR

   You weren't at the party.

They were not friends.

OR

   They weren't friends.

 

To Be - Questions

To create questions with To Be, you put the Verb before the Subject.

Affirmative

You

were

happy.

 

Subject

Verb

 

Question

Were

you

happy?

 

Verb

Subject

 

 

Affirmative

Question

I was late

Was I late?

You were sick.

Were you sick?

He was surprised.

Was he surprised?

She was from Italy.

Was she from Italy?

It was a big house.

Was it a big house?

We were ready.

Were we ready?

You were early.

Were you early?

They were busy.

Were they busy?

 

Before the verb you can also have a WH- Question word (Why, Who, What, Where etc.)

Were you happy? Yes, I was.

Why were you happy? Because I was promoted at work.

To Be - Short Answers

In spoken English, we usually give short answers in response to questions.

Was he from Japan? - Yes, he was (from Japan). The last part (from Japan) is not necessary. We use shorts answers to avoid repetition, when the meaning is clear.

Question

Short Answers**

Short Answers

Was I late?

Yes, you were.

No, you weren't.

Were you sick?

Yes, I was.

No, I wasn't.

Was he surprised?

Yes, he was.

No, he wasn't.

Was she from Italy?

Yes, she was.

No, she wasn't.

Was it a big house?

Yes, it was.

No, it wasn't.

Were we ready?

Yes, we were.

No, we weren't.

Were you early?

Yes, we were.

No, we weren't.

Were they busy?

Yes, they were.

No, they weren't.

** With To Be, We don't use contractions in affirmative short answers.

 

TO BE in the Past Tense - Summary Chart

8.      SIMPLE PAST WITH OTHER VERBS

 

The simple past expresses an action in the past taking place once, never, several times. It can also be used for actions taking place one after another or in the middle of another action.

 

 

Positive

Negative

Question

Look at 

I spoke.

     I did not speak.

       Did I speak?

For irregular verbs, use the past form (see list of irregular verbs, 2nd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed”.

Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’

Exceptions in spelling when adding ed

Example

after a final e only add d

love – loved

final consonant after a short, stressed vowel
or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled

admit – admitted
travel – travelled

final y after a consonant becomes i

hurry – hurried

Use of Simple Past

  • action in the past taking place once, never or several times

Example: He visited his parents every weekend.

  • actions in the past taking place one after the other

Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down.

  • action in the past taking place in the middle of another action

Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.

  • if sentences type II (If I talked, …)

Example: If I had a lot of money, I would share it with you.

 

EXERCISE:

Have a look at James's last week's diary and answer the questions in complete sentences. Put the time expression at the end of the sentence.

JAMES'S LAST WEEK'S DIARY

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

     Sun

football

shopping

      meeting

ring Jane

buy flowers

       concert

  sailing

cinema

tennis

English 

Italian restaurant

 

sailing

English test

 

Mon

Tue

  Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

     Sun

     

       ring Jane

       

 

 

    

 

 

  1. When was his English test?    It was on Sunday
  2. When did he go shopping?      -------------------------------------------------
  3. When did he buy flowers?      ---------------------------------------------------
  4. When was his meeting?          --------------------------------------------------
  5. When did he play football?    ----------------------------------------------------
  6. When did he go to the Italian restaurant?    -----------------------------------
  7. When did he ring Jane?          ---------------------------------------------------
  8. When did he go to the cinema? ------------------------------------------------
  9. When did he play tennis?      ---------------------------------------------------
  10. When was the concert?         -----------------------------------------------------
  11. When did he go sailing?       ---------------------------------------------------